City in northwestern Iran with 1.3 million inhabitants at an elevation of about 1,400 metres above sea level. Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province with 3.5 million inhabitants and has an area of 45,481 km².
The economical base of Tabriz is manufacturing, commerce and transportation. Local industries produce carpets, cement, textiles, food, footwear, soap, agricultural machinery, motorcycles and household appliances.
Tabriz is connected by road and railways to Teheran 800 km east, Maragheh 200 km south, and by road alone to Mahabad 300 km south and Khvoy 150 km northwest. Tabriz has an airport.
Central in Tabriz is the Blue Mosque, built in the 15th century, and a citadel, that was built as a mosque, from the 14th century. Another landmark is the 12-sided tomb of Mahmud Ghazan, ruler of the Mongol dynasty in Iran.
Tabriz university opened in 1946.
Tabriz has a continental climate with hot and dry in summer and long and cold winters.